Tip 55b: fluid losses in preterm babies

Babies <1.5kg commonly require:

  • high infusion rates (80-100ml/kg/day) of 10% dextrose on day 1
  • diligent review of their fluid balance and clinical picture with reduction in fluids if required (e.g. hyponatraemia)
  • delayed sodium supplementation until a significant diuresis has occurred (usually after day 1-2).

References:

Hartnoll, G., 2003. Basic principles and practical steps in the management of fluid balance in the newborn. Seminary in Neonatology8: 307-313.

First published: 26/02/14

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