Tip 56: hyperglycaemia

Hyperglycaemia has been estimated to occur in 45% to 80% of premature infants.

The underlying mechanisms causing hyperglycaemia are multifactorial and may be the result of high glucose concentrations in the infusion fluids or low glucose uptake rate. Other causes include sepsis, respiratory distress, pain, surgery and steroids.

References:

North Trent Neonatal Network Clinical Guideline: Management of neonatal hyperglycaemia.  Updated by Dr L Sasidharan, from original guideline written by Dr V Kairamkonda and Dr P Bustani, Updated October 2012.

Bottino M, Cowett RM, Sinclair JC. Interventions for treatment of neonatal 
hyperglycemia in very low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic 
Reviews 2009, Issue 1. Art.No: CD007453.

First published: 27/02/14

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This entry was posted in Endocrine, Metabolic, Prematurity. Bookmark the permalink.

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