Tip 45: Group B Streptococcus (GBS)

25% of women carry GBS vaginally.

About 90% of babies with GBS infection present within 24 hours of birth.

Symptoms of early-onset GBS infection are non-specific, including temperature instability, poor feeding, excessive crying and respiratory distress. It typically presents with sepsis (69%), pneumonia (26%), respiratory distress (13%), and meningitis (11%).

References:

Heath PT, Jardine LA. Neonatal infections: group B streptococcus. Systematic review 323. BMJ Clinical Evidence. http://clinicalevidence.bmj.com/x/systematic-review/0323/overview.html. 2014 February.

NICE: antibiotics for early-onset neonatal infection guideline – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2010). Antibiotics for early-onset neonatal infection . CG149. London: NICE.

Previously published: 12/02/14

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