Tip 115: indications for ECMO

Conditions which may require ECMO (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) in the neonatal period include:

  • Respiratory distress Syndrome (RDS)
  • Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS)
  • Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN)
  • Sepsis, including pneumonia
  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)

Survival to home / discharge varies from 90% in MAS down to 50-60% from CDH.

External links: ECLS Registry Report 2016

ELSO Guidelines for Neonatal Respiratory Failure 2013

Previously published: 27/05/14, 15/05/15

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