Category Archives: Dermatology

Tip 224: milia

Milia are tiny white spots caused by blocked pores (inclusion cysts containing trapped keratinised stratum corneum). ~50% of infants have milia on the face, most resolving within the first 4 weeks of life. They may also occur on the hard palate … Continue reading

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Tip 191: infantile haemangioma

The incidence of infantile haemangioma increases with decreasing gestational age, from 1–4% in term infants to 23% in those <1000g birth weight, with a female and Caucasian predominance. Reference: Goelz, R., & Poets, C. F. (2014). Incidence and treatment of infantile … Continue reading

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Tip 190: erythema toxicum

This is a benign, self-limiting skin rash that occurs in approximately 50% of full term infants (preterm infants are less commonly affected). The lesions are firm, yellow-white, 1-2mm papules or pustules with a surrounding erythematous flare. They can be sparse or … Continue reading

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Tip 182: slate-grey naevus

These are blue or slate-grey macular lesions (previously called a Mongolian blue spot) with variably defined edges, seen most commonly over the pre-sacral area. They may be solitary or numerous and can involve large areas. More than 80% of Afro-Caribbean and Asian … Continue reading

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Tip 125: neonatal benign pustular melanosis

Neonatal pustular melanosis is a transient, benign, self-limited condition of unknown aetiology. This starts as small (2-4mm) pustules that rupture easily, though may persist for several days on the thicker areas of skin. A thin white scale remains around each … Continue reading

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Tip 121: capillary haemangioma

Capillary haemangioma describes a benign condition affecting cutaneous blood vessels. They are proliferative lesions that develop shortly after birth. Over 80% occur on the head and neck area. They grow to 80% of maximum size in the first three months. … Continue reading

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Tip 125: neonatal pustular melanosis

Neonatal pustular melanosis is a transient, benign, self-limited condition of unknown aetiology. This starts as small (2-4mm) pustules that rupture easily, though may persist for several days on the thicker areas of skin. A thin white scale remains around each … Continue reading

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