Category Archives: Nutrition

Tip 149: preterm infant nutrition

Preterm infants <1kg require 4.0 – 4.5 g/kg/day protein compared to 2 g/kg/day for a term infant. Reference: ESPGHAN, (2010). Enteral Nutrient Supply for Preterm Infants: Commentary from European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Committee on Nutrition. JPGN; 50: … Continue reading

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Tip 67: breast-feeding 2

Indicators of good attachment and positioning: mouth wide open; less areola visible underneath the chin than above the nipple; chin touching the breast, lower lip rolled down, and nose free; no maternal pain. Reference: NICE postnatal care guideline – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence … Continue reading

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Tip 32: specialist preterm milks 2

Nutriprem 2 and SMA Gold Prem 2 contains slightly less Kcal, protein, Ca, PO4 & iron than Nutriprem 1 and SMA Gold Prem 1. Babies on this milk still require vitamin supplementation but not iron. It is generally introduced to … Continue reading

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Tip 30: specialist preterm milks

Nutriprem 1 contains slightly more kcal than breast-milk, about twice as much protein, Ca, PO4 and iron, but about the same about of fat. As a rough guide, full requirements of Nutriprem 1 are about 150ml/kg/day and of expressed breast-milk (EBM) … Continue reading

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Tip 6: Healthy Start

Healthy Start is a scheme in the UK that gives free food (milk or infant formula, fresh fruit and vegetables) and multivitamins to pregnant women & children <4 years of age, if their family is receiving certain government benefits. External … Continue reading

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Tip 233: UNICEF BFI 2

The second 5 steps (out of 10) to successful breast-feeding are: 6. Give newborn infants no food or drink other than breast milk, unless medically indicated 7. Practice rooming in—allow mothers and infants to remain together 24h a day 8. Encourage … Continue reading

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Tip 232: UNICEF Baby Friendly Initiative

Baby Friendly Initiative (BFI) accreditation programme was introduced to hospitals in the UK in 1994. The first 5 steps (out of 10) to successful breast-feeding are: Have a written breastfeeding policy that is routinely communicated to all healthcare staff Train … Continue reading

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